The low down on periodontics

What is periodontics?

Periodontics is the branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of function and structure of the periodontal membrane. Most commonly, periodontal diseases are caused by bacterial plaque, which sticks to teeth and destroys the gum tissue. The most prevalent periodontal disease is periodontitis. If untreated, periodontitis leads to resorption of the portion of the jawbone that supports the teeth, leading to tooth loss.

periodontics-in-edinburghGum disease

Gum disease is one of the main causes of tooth loss. People are often unaware they have it because it isn’t painful and doesn’t affect daily life. If it is left untreated the impact can be serious, damaging the jawbone and the tissue that support the teeth.

Gum disease is preventable and, particularly in the early stages is relatively easy to treat if you take regular trips to the dentist.

If you think you may have gum disease it is important to call a reputable dentist, such as Meadowbank Dental, who can help treat any gum problems.

Gingivitis

The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harmful they can become. These bacteria cause inflammations of the gums that is called gingivitis.The gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily.

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with regular brushing and flossing, as well as cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. This form of gum disease does not include any loss of bone and tissue that hold teeth in place.

Periodontitis

When gingivitis is not treated, it can lead to a condition called periodontitis. It means inflammation around the tooth. In periodontitis, the gums pull away from the teeth and form that become infected.

The immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows underneath the gum line. Bacterial toxins start to break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place. If it is not treated, the bones, gums and tissue that support the teeth will be destroyed. The teeth may eventually become wobbly and may have to be removed. A trip to see a periodontist, such as those at Meadowbank Dental can prevent your gum disease from becoming too serious.